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Bullying Policy in Public Schools - USA

Page history last edited by Robert Hackett 2 years, 7 months ago

Front Page / Issue Briefs / Children, Youth and Families / Bullying Policy In Public Schools / USA


Issue Brief


Bullying Policy In Public Schools - USA


Scope of the Problem  factual statements on the extent of the problem in the past, current, or future

  • Teen bullying is a rising problem among high school adolescents.  It sometimes causes adolescents to retain horrible memories of their high school experiences.  Bullying is not limited to only the physical aspect.  There are several types of bullying.  Two of the more common types are verbal and emotional bullying.  Although these forms of bullying are more subtle than physical bullying, both can have a lasting impact on the lives of teens.  In recent years, cyber bullying, the newest form of bullying, has emerged. It is an increasing problem as a result of the internet becoming a huge part of millions of teenagers lives (“Teenage Bullying,” 1).
  •  Over the years, researchers have discovered important findings concerning bullying in teens which includes the following:
    •  According to statistics from Family First Aid, about 30 percent of teenagers in the United States have been involved in bullying, either as a bully or a direct victim of the bullying.  Data also suggests that teen bullying is more common among younger teens than it is among older teens (“Teenage Bullying,” 1).
    • Sixty-six percent of youth are teased at least once a month, and nearly one-third of youth are bullied at least once a month (2002 National Survey of Students Grades 5-12, Families and Work Institute).
    •  Gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (GLBT) students are at disproportionate risk for bullying and harrassment.  They hear anti-gay slurs such as "homo," "faggot," and "sissy"about 26 times a day, or once every 14 minutes.  More than 30 percent of gay youth in the U.S. were threatened or injured at school in 2001 (National Mental Health Association, 2002).
    •  One out of every ten students who drops out of school does so because of repeated bullying (Oklahoma Health Department, 2001).
    •  Those who are bullied are five times more likely to be depressed and far more likely to be suicidal (Fight Crime: Invest in Kids, September 2003).
    •  Harassment and bullying have been linked to 75 percent of school-shooting incidents, including the fatal shootings at Columbine High School near Littleton, Colorado, and Santana High School in Santee, California (US Secret Service Report, May 2002).
    •  33 percent of the youth in the U.S. have been victimized through cyberbullying (Hinduja and Patchin, January 2005).
    •  Teenage bullying causes significant detrimental effects for victims.  Although there are obvious physical problems and injuries that result from physical bullying, verbal, emotional, and cyber bullying can deeply affect victims as well.  Teenage bullying can lead to depression, suicide, drug use, and inhibited social development.  Sadly, these problems can affect victims of teenage bullying well into adulthood (“Teenage Bullying,” 1).  


Past Policy  key legislation and milestones including significant policy and funding shifts, major studies, etc.



Current Policy  summary of current policies in the form of legislation, programs, and funding

  • 44 states have anti-bullying laws or policies.


Key Organizations/Individuals   contacts for public and private organizations and key individuals


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